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Chifukwa chiyani kugawira mphamvu?

Nthawi: 2021-10-14

Chifukwa chiyani kugawira mphamvu?

Ponena za kuwerengera mphamvu kotsiriza, anthu ambiri amakumbukirabe zaka zoposa khumi zapitazo. Zaka khumi zoyambirira za zaka za zana la 21 zinali nthawi yofulumira kwambiri yotukula chuma cha dziko langa. Kukula kofulumira kwachuma ndi mphamvu zosayerekezeka zinayambitsa ziletso pafupipafupi. Mphamvu, kuzimitsa kwamagetsi; koma m’zaka zaposachedwapa, kuzimitsidwa kwa magetsi ndi kuzimitsidwa kwa magetsi zikuoneka kuti zapita kwa ife. Sindinamvepo nkhaniyi kwa nthawi yayitali mpaka chaka chino. Pankhani imeneyi, anthu ambiri amadabwa. M’zaka zaposachedwapa, dziko langa lachita chitukuko chofulumira pa mphamvu ya madzi, mphamvu ya malasha, ndi mphamvu ya mphepo. N’chifukwa chiyani padakali kugaŵira magetsi pafupipafupi lerolino?

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1. Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kunawonjezeka

Kukhudzidwa ndi mliri watsopano wa korona, kuphatikiza ku China, maiko akuluakulu opanga padziko lonse lapansi akumana ndi kutsekedwa kwa mafakitale komanso kutsekedwa kwa anthu, monga India ndi Vietnam, kotero kuchuluka kwa madongosolo akunja kudasefukira ku China. Malingana ndi deta yamtundu wamtundu, mu 2021 mu theka la chaka, mtengo wamtengo wapatali wa malonda a katundu ndi malonda a dziko langa unafika 18.07 thililiyoni yuan, kuwonjezeka kwa 27.1% panthawi yomweyi chaka chatha, zomwe zogulitsa kunja zinali 9.85 thililiyoni yuan, kuwonjezeka kwa 28.1% chaka ndi chaka.


2. Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kawiri kulamulira

Ndikukhulupirira kuti m’zaka ziwiri zapitazi, anthu ambiri amvapo mawu akuti Carbon Peak ndi Carbon Neutral pamlingo waukulu kapena wocheperapo. "Kukwera kwa carbon" kumatanthauza kuti kuchuluka kwa mpweya woipa wa carbon dioxide kumafika pamtengo wapamwamba kwambiri m'mbiri ya nthawi inayake, ndipo pang'onopang'ono kumachepa pambuyo pofika mtengo wapamwamba kwambiri. Pamene, mkati mwa nthawi inayake, kulima nkhalango, kusunga mphamvu ndi kuchepetsa utsi kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kuthetsa carbon dioxide yopangidwa ndi anthu, ndiko kuti, kukwaniritsa "zero emissions", "carbon neutrality" imatheka. Pofuna kupanga malo abwino okhalamo komanso kuchepetsa kutentha kwa kutentha, boma linaganiza zokwaniritsa nsonga za carbon pofika chaka cha 2030 ndi kusalowerera ndale kwa carbon pofika 2060. Ichi ndi cholinga cha "30, 60".


Ndipotu, kuwonjezera pa kupanga magetsi osakwanira komanso kulamulira kawiri pakugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu, ndikuganiza kuti palinso kulingalira kwachuma pambuyo pa mliri. Pakali pano, miliri yachilendo ikusefukira. Choncho, malamulo apakhomo akupitirirabe ndipo mphamvu zopanga zakhala zikukulirakulira. Komabe, mliriwu pamapeto pake Pakakhala mpumulo kapena kutha, kupanga kwakunja kukayambiranso, China, yomwe yakulitsa kupanga panthawi ya mliri, idzakumana ndi vuto lalikulu. Pofika nthawi imeneyo, ndalama zamakampani sizidzalephereka. Makampani ena ndi anthu pawokha ndi akhungu ndipo amangosamala za zomwe amakonda. Choncho, dziko likhoza kutsogolera chuma panjira yoyenera poletsa magetsi.


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