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Ndi Njira Zotani Zolumikizirana Zam'madzi Zomwe Zimagwiritsidwa Ntchito Pamafakitale A Maritime?

Nthawi: 2020-07-08

Kulankhulana pawailesi panyanja kunali kosintha panyanja zaka zana zapitazi. Pambuyo pa masiku a semaphores ndi mbendera (zomwe zidakali zofunikira lerolino nthawi zina), wailesi inabweretsa kusintha kwakukulu kwa kulankhulana panyanja panyanja.

Kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma XNUMX zapitazi, zombo zinayamba kutumiza mawailesi kuti azilankhulana pakati pawo komanso pamphepete mwa nyanja. Radiotelegraphy pogwiritsa ntchito Morse code idagwiritsidwa ntchito koyambirira kwa zaka za zana la makumi awiri polumikizana panyanja.

Ndi chitukuko cha ukadaulo wolumikizana ndi mafoni, kulumikizana panyanja sikunangogwiritsa ntchito ma radiotelegraph komanso kugwiritsa ntchito matelefoni opanda zingwe kwa nthawi yayitali. Matelefoni opanda zingwewa amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri polumikizana ndi mabizinesi, kupereka malipoti pafupipafupi za malo oyendetsa sitimayo komanso masiku olowera ndi kutuluka, komanso kutsatira malamulo otengera malo. Oyenda panyanja amathanso kugwiritsa ntchito mafoni opanda zingwe kukanong'oneza achibale omwe ali pamtunda wakutali, zomwe zimapangitsa moyo wapanyanja womwe uli panokha ukhale wofunda komanso kuseka.

Mafoni a Marine

Kulumikizana kwachitetezo nthawi zonse kwakhala chinthu chofunikira kwambiri pakulankhulana kwapanyanja. Zombo zoyenda panyanja nthawi zonse zimayang'anizana ndi ngozi ya mafunde amphepo, matanthwe, matanthwe osaya komanso kugunda kwa zombo. Mafoni apanyanja amabweretsa chitetezo chowonjezereka kwa ogwira ntchito.

Zoneneratu zanyengo panyanja ndizofunika kwambiri pakulumikizana panyanja. Chifukwa chakuti mphepo yamkuntho panyanja imayambitsa chiwopsezo chachikulu ku zombo, chaka chilichonse padziko lapansi, zombo zimamira chifukwa cha mphepo yamkuntho. Choncho, mayiko m'mphepete mwa nyanja anapanga panyanja opanda zingwe kulankhulana maukonde, ndipo nthawi zonse anamasulidwa deta meteorological m'madera osiyanasiyana nyanja zombo.

Mafoni apanyanja, monga mafoni amgalimoto, amayika mafoni opanda zingwe m'sitima ndikukhazikitsa masiteshoni m'mphepete mwa nyanja kuti mafunde a wailesi azitha kuphimba gombe. Kuti muwonjezere mtunda wolumikizana pakati pa sitimayo ndi gombe, malo oyambira nthawi zambiri amayikidwa pamalo okwera kwambiri.

Ngati woyendetsa sitimayo akufuna kuyimba foni ndi banja lake, telefoni yam'madzi imatumiza mawayilesi ku siteshoni yoyambira ndikudutsa pamzere wa thunthu kupita ku ofesi ya foni yam'manja: foni yakunyumba imatha kulumikizidwa kudzera pagulu. mzere wa ofesi ya foni.

Zombo nthawi zonse zimadzaza ndi katundu wambiri. Polowa mu miyambo ya dziko, kulengeza zachikhalidwe kumakhala kovuta kwambiri ndipo kumatenga nthawi yambiri. Tsopano popeza tili ndi telefoni yapamadzi, tinganene mndandanda wa katundu, mndandanda wa anthu ogwira ntchito ndi okwera m’sitimayo kwa kasitomu mmodzimmodzi pasadakhale masiku angapo pasadakhale kupyolera mwa tchanelo chawailesi yam’madzi ndi zida zamawailesi. Inde, izi zimachitika kudzera mu kulumikizana kwa data pakompyuta. Chombocho chikalowa padoko, njira zonse zatha, zomwe zingapulumutse nthawi yambiri.