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Applek ere erantzun ezin duen galdera zaila: Lurreko jendeak benetan nahi al du 5G?

Denbora: 2020-10-21

Desberdintasun garrantzitsua dago iPhone 12 eta aurreko bertsioen artean. 5G onartzen du. Cookek 5G txalotu zuen prentsaurrekoan, badirudi 5G-k dena aldatuko duela. Izan ere, Samsungek jada 5G telefono mugikorrak merkaturatu zituen duela 18 hilabete, eta Apple berandu iritsi zen. Baina benetan erabiltzaile orok espero al dute 5G? Nola pentsatzen dute herrialde desberdinetako jendeak?

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5G-ren errendimendua mundu osoko herrialdeetan

Saudi Arabian eta Hego Korean, 5G-ren batez besteko deskarga abiadura 300 Mbps-tik gorakoa da, hau da, 4G baino askoz azkarragoa. Estatu Batuetan, 5G-ko batez besteko deskarga-abiadura 52 Mbps ingurukoa da, 4G-ren bikoitza baino gutxiago. IPhone konferentzian, Verizonek abiadura ultra-altuko milimetro olatuen zerbitzuak iragarri zituen eta deskargako batez besteko abiadura 500 Mbps-ra iritsi zitekeela aldarrikatu zuen.

 

However, IDC mobile device researcher Marta Pinto believes that Apple's main reason for launching 5G mobile phones is to have stronger competitiveness in the Chinese market. He said: "This is very important because other manufacturers already have 5G equipment. China is too important to be lost. There is Huawei and Xiaomi. Compared to Apple, Samsung has a small share in China."

 

South Korea has always been at the forefront of mobile entrepreneurship. 5G mobile phones were already commercially available in South Korea in April last year. Professor Jasper Kim travels between Seoul and California. He believes that Koreans are embracing 5G. Jasper Kim said: "If you ask what's new in 5G, it's faster. If other people use 5G, you will follow suit. I think 5G is a new technology that can entice people to follow suit."

 

In Jasper Kim's view, the online shopping experience is better and mobile video watching is smoother. These are the two main advantages of 5G today. Jasper Kim said: "95.5% of South Koreans use their mobile phones to watch videos. Although they can watch videos without 5G, it will be faster to download movies and concerts afterwards."

 

Badirudi ghanearrek 5G gutxiago interesatzen dutela. Kenneth Adu-Amanfoh, Afrikako Sareen Segurtasuneko eta Eskubide Digitalen Erakundeko kideak, esan du Ghanako 4 mugikorreko operadoreetatik horietatik 2 baino ez direla aldatu 4Gra. Afrikan teknologia mugikorraren garapen motela bi arrazoi nagusiren ondoriozkoa da: bata espektroaren kostu handia da, eta bestea gehiegizko erregulazioa da, Afrikako herrialde askotan arazo ohikoa baita.

 

Kenneth Adu-Amanfoh-k ere esan zuen: "Afrikan, erregulatzaile gehienek soilik pentsatzen dute operadoreen diru sarrera gehiago nola atera. 4G garapena sustatzeko politikak berritzea eta araudia aldatzea ez da haien kezkarik handiena ".

 

Orain arte, Saharaz hegoaldeko Afrikan Vodacomek eta MTNk bakarrik abiarazi dituzte 5G zerbitzuak Hegoafrikan. Afrikako beste eskualde batzuk entsegu fasean daude oraindik, horien artean Gabon, Kenya, Nigeria eta Uganda. GSMAren aurreikuspenaren arabera, Afrikako konexio mugikorrak 1.05 mila milioi iritsiko dira 2025erako, eta horietatik% 58 3G izango dira. Operadore eta talde interesdunentzat, epe motzeko ardatza 4G sustatzea da. Gaur egun, 4G-k Afrikako mugikorren konexioen% 4 bakarrik hartzen du eta 27erako% 2025ra arte igoko da.


5G gehiegi saltzen ari da?


Not everyone thinks that we should promote 5G quickly. Wireless technology expert William Webb claims that 5G is too much touted. Why do consumers need 5G? The telecommunications industry has not given a good proof. William Webb said: "Look at the most talked about applications, such as VR. These applications can run through indoor Wi-Fi. Indoor Wi-Fi is fast and has low latency. In fact, it is better than mobile networks, and is better than most of the 5G. Everything is good."

 

Some people say that the most important role of 5G is to connect “things” to the Internet, not “people”. William Webb believes that the Internet of Things has not fulfilled its original promise. In 2010, it was predicted that 50 billion devices would connect to the Internet, but today there are actually only 10 billion. Nevertheless, technology has arrived, whether you want it or not, it has already arrived. William Webb said: "5G is a bit like 4K TV. Even if you don't want it, the technology will spread. Today you buy a TV and it is basically 4K."

 

Thomas Spencer, head of telecommunications at the software company R3, believes that the financial and ecological costs of building 5G are huge. He said: “In the development of 5G, mobile network operators are facing challenges. According to estimates, if you want to Upgrading the network infrastructure to 5G requires investment of up to US$1 trillion. "How to build small base stations is a difficult problem. Next year, the United States will have about 400,000 small base stations, spread across public infrastructure, restaurants, offices, and residences. Spencer said: "It is a headache to determine who owns these base stations, who operates them, and who provides funds."

 

Richard Carwana, a British executive at Dell Technologies, has a similar view. He said: "We are still thinking about how to promote 5G. In the past, everyone expected a big explosion in 5G, but this was not the case. The introduction of 5G by services and operators is gradually Proceeding. If you want to advance and promote quickly, cooperation may be the key."

 

Robert Pocknell-ek, Erresuma Batuko Keystone Law-eko bazkideak, esan du gobernu britainiarrak badakiela Huawei debekatzeak herrialdean 5G promozioa gutxituko duela gutxienez 2 urtez. Patente batzuk funtsezkoak dira 5G sustatzeko orduan. Huawei lehen postuan sailkatu da patente garrantzitsuei dagokienez. liderra. Orain arte, Erresuma Batuko operadore gehienek 5G zerbitzuak abiarazi dituzten arren, Erresuma Batuko 100 herri eta hiri baino gutxiago daude 5G estalita.

 

China's 5G development speed is relatively fast in the world, but due to the relatively small number of users, operators will automatically switch 5G base stations into sleep mode from 9pm to 9am. Wang Xiaochu, chairman of China Unicom, said that turning off the base station is not done manually, but is automatically adjusted at a specific time.

 

 

5G-k maiztasun handiko seinaleak erabiltzen ditu, lehendik dagoen 2G irrati frekuentzia baino 3-4 aldiz handiagoa, eta seinaleen estaldura mugatua da. Oinarrizko estazio bakoitzaren seinalearen estaldura-erradioa 100-300 metrokoa baino ez denez, hiriguneetan 200-300 metrotik behin eraiki behar da oinarrizko estazioa. Gainera, 5G seinaleen sarrera nahiko ahula da. Oinarrizko geltokia bulego eraikinetarako, bizitegi guneetarako eta merkataritza guneetarako etxe barruan jartzen bada, dentsitateak handiagoa izan behar du.

 

According to reports, if China wants 5G coverage to reach the current 4G level, operators will have to install 10 million base stations. If the coverage rate of 5G reaches the level of 4G, China's electricity bill for base stations alone will cost 29 billion US dollars a year.

 

Estatu Batuetako Minnesota Unibertsitateko irakasle elkartua den Soumya Sen-ek esan zuen: "Muga teknologikoak direla eta, 5G oinarrizko estazioetako ekipamenduen energia kontsumoa 4G baino hiru aldiz handiagoa da. 5G-k hainbat antenak erabiltzen ditu eraikin altuetako islatutako seinaleak harrapatzeko, horrela kanala sendoagoa izango da eta errendimendua handiagoa izango da ".

 

Horiek guztiak gehitzen dira gastu handia bihurtzeko. Artilea ardien gainean dago, ardiak prest al daude? Norentzat da 5G? Badirudi denbora pixka bat beharko dela erantzuna aurkitzeko.